Service Slavery Definition — Хранители времён
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Service Slavery Definition

Depending on the time and the land, slaves sometimes had a limited number of legal rights. For example, in the province of New York, people who intentionally killed slaves were punished under a 1686 law. [65] And, as already mentioned, certain legal rights associated with the Nobi in Korea, slaves in various African societies, and black slaves in the French colony of Louisiana. Giving legal rights to slaves was sometimes a matter of morality, but sometimes also a matter of self-interest. For example, in ancient Athens, the protection of slaves from abuse simultaneously protected people who could be mistaken for slaves and granted limited property rights to slaves that encouraged slaves to work harder to obtain more goods. [66] In the southern United States, prior to the extermination of slavery in 1865, a legal treaty on slavery reported that slaves accused of crimes generally had a legal right to a lawyer, free from double jeopardy, a right to a jury trial in more serious cases, and the right to be tried by the grand jury. but they lacked many other rights, such as the ability of white adults to control their own lives. [67] Southern governments wanted to maintain a balance between the number of slave states and free states in order to maintain a political balance of power in Congress. The new territories acquired by Britain, France and Mexico have been the subject of major political compromises.

By 1850, the cultivation of newly rich cotton in the south threatened to secede from the Union, and tensions continued to rise. Many white Christians in the South, including church ministers, tried to justify their support for slavery as altered by Christian paternalism. [241] The largest denominations, the Baptist, Methodist, and Presbyterian churches, split into regional organizations from the North and the South on the issue of slavery. The word slavery is often used as a pejorative to describe any activity one is forced to engage in. Some argue that military conscription and other forms of government forced labor constitute «state-run slavery.» [40] [41] Some libertarians and anarcho-capitalists view state taxation as a form of slavery. [42] Slavery in Haiti began with the arrival of Christopher Columbus on the island in 1492. This practice has been devastating for the local population. [209] After the quasi-decimation of the Indigenous Taíno by forced labor, disease, and war, the Spaniards, under the guidance of the Catholic priest Bartolomeu de las Casas and with the blessing of the Catholic Church, began in earnest the abduction and forced labor of African slaves. During the French colonial period from 1625, the economy of Haiti (then known as Santo Domingo) was based on slavery, and the practice was considered the most brutal in the world.

For some domestic workers, the circumstances and conditions of their work amount to slavery. This happens when employers prevent domestic workers from leaving the house, do not pay wages, resort to violence or threats, withhold identity documents, restrict their contact with their families and force them to work. A 15-year-old girl was brought to France by «Mrs. D» from Togo, who paid for her trip but later confiscated her passport. It was agreed that the girl would work for Ms. D until she had repaid her plane ticket, but after a few months she was «loaned» to another couple. They forced her to work 15 hours a day, seven days a week without pay, vacation, identity papers and permission from her immigration status. The girl was wearing second-hand clothes and did not have her own room. The authorities intervened when they were informed of the situation, but slavery and serfdom were not a specific crime in France at the time. The European Court of Human Rights ruled that the girl had been kept in servitude and that France had violated its positive obligations under the prohibition of slavery and forced labour. Indeed, French law had not provided the girl with specific and effective protection. Although children can legally engage in certain forms of child labour, children can also be found in situations of slavery or slavery.

Some indicators of forced child labour are situations where the child appears to be in the care of a non-family member who demands that the child do work that financially benefits someone outside the child`s family and does not give the child the opportunity to leave, such as forced begging .B. Measures to combat trafficking in human beings should complement, not replace, traditional measures to combat child labour, such as reparation and education. When children are enslaved, their exploiters should not shy away from criminal sanctions – which happens when governments use administrative responses to deal with cases of forced child labour. Victims of human trafficking are usually recruited by deception or tricks (such as a fake job offer, a fake offer of migration or a false offer of marriage), sales by family members, recruitment by former slaves or direct kidnapping. Victims are forced into a situation of «debt slavery» through coercion, deception, fraud, intimidation, isolation, threats, physical violence, debt bondage or even force-feeding with drugs in order to control their victims. [366] «According to a U.S. government-sponsored study completed in 2006, about 800,000 people are traded across national borders each year, not to mention millions of people traded within their own countries. About 80 percent of transnational victims are women and girls, and up to 50 percent are minors, the U.S. State Department reports in a 2008 study.

[367] More than a million slaves were sold from the Upper South, which had a surplus of labor, and brought to the Deep South in forced migration, dividing many families. New communities of African-American culture developed in the Deep South, and the total number of slaves in the South eventually reached 4 million before liberation. [239] [240] In the 19th century, proponents of slavery often defended the institution as a «necessary evil.» Whites at the time feared that the emancipation of black slaves would have more damaging social and economic consequences than the continuation of slavery. French writer and traveler Alexis de Tocqueville spoke out against slavery in Democracy in America (1835) while observing its impact on American society. He believed that a multiracial society without slavery was untenable, believing that prejudices against blacks increased when they were granted more rights. Others, such as James Henry Hammond, argued that slavery was a «positive good,» declaring, «You must have such a class, otherwise you would not have the other class that directs progress, civilization, and refinement.» If an adult engages in a commercial sexual act such as prostitution as a result of violence, threats of violence, fraud, coercion or a combination of these means, that person is a victim of human trafficking. In such circumstances, perpetrators involved in the recruitment, harbouring, seduction, promotion, supply, supply, paternalism, recruitment or interview of a person for that purpose are guilty of sex trafficking with an adult. Sex trafficking can also occur through a specific form of coercion, in which individuals are forced to pursue prostitution using illegal «debts» allegedly incurred through their transportation, recruitment or even «sale» – exploiters insist that they must repay before they can be released. Even if an adult initially agrees to participate in prostitution, it does not matter: if an adult is then kept in service after consent through psychological manipulation or physical violence, he or she is a victim of human trafficking and should receive the benefits set out in the Palermo Protocol and applicable national laws. .